Saturday, December 22, 2012

17. Mother's Delight: Christabel Pankhurst

Mother's Delight
By Becky Brown
 
Christabel Pankhurst (1880-1958)

England's suffrage movement is personified in the Pankhurst family. No one had more influence on radical tactics, politics and propaganda than Christabel, the eldest daughter of a political family.  In 1936 the King honored her for her leadership by appointing her a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire
 Christabel's mother Emmeline Pankhurst, (1858-1928)
In 1903 Emmeline Pankhurst and her three daughters, Christabel, Sylvia and Adela, rebelled against the old-school National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies (NUWSS) to form the Women’s Social and Political Union. Their motto: "Deeds Not Words." WSPU deeds began with disruption that resulted in arrests and accelerated to hunger strikes, arson, bombs, assault and death threats. 



Emmeline and Christabel ignited religious fervor in WSPU members. Christabel, who had long been the center of her mother's life, became the center of the movement. For a decade her skills in publicity, in capturing press attention and her ever-increasing militancy transformed a polite, ineffective campaign into a terrorist cell of extremely well-dressed women. In 1913 a WSPU member died after throwing herself in front of a horse in the Derby race. The same year unknowns bombed politician David Lloyd George's home.

In 1914, the year World War I called a halt to their crusade, suffragettes slashed museum paintings with meat cleavers. A statement by a WSPU member:

 "I have tried to destroy a valuable picture because I wish to show the public that they have no security for their property nor their art treasures until women are given political freedom."
 
Vera Brittain in boarding school during the early teens remembered the WSPU.
 
"The name of Mrs Pankhurst was a familiar echo in my school days...an echo that grew louder as her exploits gathered publicity." Vera listened silently at her mother's tea parties to the older women criticizing the "suffs" as a "screaming sisterhood."

Emmaline Pankhurst with Christabel and Sylvia,
 a photo capturing Christabel's charisma and Sylvia's lack.
 
 
Adela Pankhurst (1885–1961)
When she criticized their tactics Adela was given a one-way ticket to Australia by her mother and eldest sister. "One of Adela is too many," was Christabel's opinion. Adela never saw them again.
Portraits of the Pankhursts were sold at the WSPU shop.
Emmeline's is topped by the official colors.
 
It is hard to imagine the fight for the vote without the Pankhursts ,but reading their biographies raises second thoughts about ranking such obsessive and manipulative women as heroes.

 Did the Pankursts and the WSPU hurt or harm the cause, or were they irrelevant? First-person accounts by a variety of English people reveal how little their presence affected the lives of the average person. Women in the United Kingdom obtained the right to vote (property owners over 30) in 1918, four years after the WSPU ceased suffrage activities.

 

Monument to Emmeline Pankhurst in
Victoria Towers Gardens, erected in 1930

The Pankhurst Girls about 1890
Mother's Delight
By Becky Brown

Yet we can remember how one family radicalized the movement and dominated the publicity with Mother's Delight, a pattern published by Carlie Sexton in 1930.

 BlockBase #1237b
(If you want to search by number for the pattern in BlockBase remember to add the b.)

Cutting an 8" Finished Block

The block is cut using 6 templates (actually it's 3 but BlockBase and EQ give you a separate template if you have to flip it over). See the PDF with templates here:
https://workspaces.acrobat.com/app.html#d=6rHvoOyk315hRTGfXvFgMg
  
It's fairly easy to piece if you can keep the direction of the pieces straight. Lay it all out before you stitch.
 
 
 
 

Mother's Delight
By Dustin Cecil
 
Read Emmeline's side of the fight here:
My Own Story by Emmeline Pankhurst
And Sylvia's here:
The Suffragette: The History of the Women’s Militant Suffrage Movement  by Sylvia Pankhurst
See the 1974 BBC mini-series Shoulder to Shoulder about the Pankhursts.
Here are 2 short You Tube scenes

You can actually hear Sylvia discuss her mother in this 13 minute 1953 BBC program (There is no dish---just a polite summary):
See a set of anti-Pankhurst playing cards here
http://blogs.library.duke.edu/rubenstein/2012/04/09/new-acquisition-panko-playing-cards/

And read a transcript of the May 5, 1914, London Times story about the attack on a Sargent painting:
  http://www.jssgallery.org/Letters/Notes/The_Times_May_5_1914.htm
 

7 comments:

  1. Fascinating to note that the political cartoonist you featured this week must have used the photo of Christabel Pankhurst shown above as a model; even the dress is the same.

    I am enjoying making the blocks (this current one is gorgeous) but am enjoying the history lessons even more. Thank you for taking all the time and effort to put these essays together.

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  2. A one way trip to Australia? Wonder if that work with some of my relatives?
    Always love reading your blogs Barbara.

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  3. I should think that some of their more radical behavior put many people "off" of women's rights. Who wants to allow such women to vote? Interesting part of history.

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  4. Hello, I wonder a little bit: are the arrangement of the colors in the red-white block at the bottom a little bit different from the above block???

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    1. With the two color block you have to re-arrange the colors. I didn't want two reds side by side.

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  5. Barbara, I caught up with the latest five blocks this week. Thank you so much for some great history lessons and wonderful blocks! Really enjoying this QAL!

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